Forest ecosystems, and in particular the plant structures of the different strata and soils, accumulate and fix significant amounts of carbon through different processes each year, constituting important terrestrial carbon reservoirs.
However, the high risk of forest fires in Mediterranean regions, coupled with climate change, is one of the main threats to the release of carbon in the form of CO2 contained in forest ecosystems, which would transform their function as a carbon sink into a source of significant greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere.
As a fundamental part of the project, the capitalisation and transfer of results is key to progress towards the achievement of REMAS objectives. In this sense, this training course brings together all the knowledge developed and progress made in the project and is aimed at public administration technicians who wish to be trained in climate change, remote sensing, quantification of carbon sinks, management and prevention of environmental risks, as key training elements necessary for optimal territorial and environmental management by public administrations in the context of present and future climate change.
The overall objective of the training course is to acquire knowledge on the greenhouse gas emission risk in forest ecosystems, which are the most vulnerable areas, innovative technologies for the quantification of carbon in vegetation and soil and how these emissions can be reduce and carbon stocks can be restored after a forest fire.
Thematic unit 0. Introduction
Thematic unit 1. Identification and assessment of vulnerable forest ecosystems.
Thematic unit 2. Assessment of carbon stocks in forest ecosystems: quantification by remote sensing.
Thematic unit 3. Monitoring forest ecosystems carbon stocks in pilot REMAS areas.
Thematic unit 4. Greenhouse gas emission risk model: calculation and implementation.
Thematic unit 5. Best practices for carbon sequestration and restoration in damaged ecosystems.
Thematic unit 6. Policies and strategies to mitigate GHG emissions risk.
1. To calculate the expesure, sensitivity and speed of recovery of a given forest ecosystem to assess vulnerability to forest fires in the region.
2. To use remote sensing tools and correlate field data with band reflectivity to assess carbon stocks in different forest ecosystems.
3. The theorical basis that supports the model and how to implement it in a region with several case studies.
4. The sampling and inventory methodologies and subsequent data processing to obtain the carbon stock at a give time and over time, showing examples of how it varies between plots that have been burned with and without forest restoration treatments, and compared to those that have not been affected by fire.
5. The project conclusions on soil management and silvicultural treatments to enhance carbon sequestration after forest fires.
6. The legislation and policies that could be modified to include this emission risk and how it would affect the different prevention planning instruments.
The REMAS project is co-financed by the Interreg Sudoe Programme through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)